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Company / developer Canonical Ltd. / Ubuntu Foundation
OS family Unix-like
Working state Current
Source model Free and open source software
Initial release 20 October 2004 (2004-10-20)
Latest stable release 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat) / 10 October 2010; 9 years ago (2010-10-10)[1]
Latest unstable release 11.04 (Natty Narwhal) Alpha 1 / 2 December 2010; 9 years ago (2010-12-02)[2]
Language(s) Multilingual (more than 55)
Update method APT (front-ends available)
Package manager dpkg (front-ends like Synaptic available)
Supported platforms IA-32, x86-64
Kernel type Linux (Monolithic)
Userland GNU
Default user interface GNOME
License Mainly the GNU GPL / plus proprietary binary blobs[3][4] and various other licenses
Official website www.ubuntu.com

Ubuntu[5][6] is a computer operating system based on the Debian distribution and distributed as free and open source software. It is named after the Southern African philosophy of Ubuntu ("humanity towards others").[7]

With an estimated global usage of more than 12 million users,[8] Ubuntu is designed primarily for desktop use, although netbook and server editions exist as well.[9] Web statistics suggest that Ubuntu's share of Linux desktop usage is about 50%,[10][11] and indicate upward trending usage as a web server.[12]

Ubuntu is sponsored by the UK-based company Canonical Ltd.



Ubuntu v7.10 i386 builds are available for LIO from the Ubuntu repository.

The Ubuntu binary package names are target-utils and target-modules for binary packages. target-source requires module-assistant to build the kernel module. Building the target-utils source currently requires checking out the code and using dpkg-buildpackage from trunk/target (see README for more information).

See also


  1. "Ubuntu 10.10 is released". Ubuntu-News. 10/10/2010-10-10. 
  2. "Ubuntu Testing". Ubuntu. 2010-12-02. 
  3. Free Software Foundation Latin America. Retrieved 2010-02-08.
  4. Free Software Directory - Linux (BLOB free version). Retrieved 2010-02-08.
  5. Nelson Mandela (1/11/2006). The Ubuntu Experience (Nelson Mandela Interview). [Motion picture]. 
  6. About Ubuntu
  7. "About the Name". Official Ubuntu Documentation. Canonical Ltd. 
  8. http://www.muktware.com/a/3/2/29/2010/531?page=0,0
  9. "Get Ubuntu". ubuntu.com. 
  10. "Operating System Version Usage". statowl.com. 
  11. "Wikimedia Visitor Log Analysis Report - Operating Systems". Wikimedia. 
  12. "Ubuntu Usage Statistics". builtwith.com. 

External links

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